Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania1966-68
(D.A., History, 1982)
Dissertation: "Brigadier General Henry Hopkins Sibley and the American Military Tradition"
Advisor: Dr. Irving H. Bartlett
University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico (M.A., History, 1968)1962-64
Thesis: "John Robert Baylor and the Civil War in the Southwest"
Advisor: Dr. Donald C. Cutter
Western New Mexico University, Silver City, New Mexico (B.A., History, 1964)1960-62
New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, New Mexico1956-60
Quemado High School, Quemado, New Mexico