Chapter 1: An Introduction to Cognitive Psychology

http://fates.cns.muskingum.edu/~psych/psycweb/history/cognitiv.htm
A brief overview of the history of cognitive psychology, starting with the 18th century British empiricists and concluding with the re-emergence of cognitive psychology in the 1950s.

http://psychclassics.yorku.ca/topic.htm
This site developed by Christopher Green of York University presents classic papers written by key figures in the history of psychology, including James, Ebbinghaus, and Calkins.

http://www.fact-index.com/c/co/cognitive_psychology.html
This article from Wikipedia, a free online encyclopedia, gives an overview of cognitive psychology, including major research areas and famous cognitive psychologists, but is especially useful for its hyperlinks to definitions of topics within the article.

http://www.apa.org/monitor/jan02/frontier.html
This article from the APA Monitor in Psychology, "At the frontier of science", discusses the newly emerging discipline of social cognitive neuroscience, which uses brain-imaging techniques and studies of people with brain injuries to decipher how neural pathways control stereotypes, attitudes, self-control, and interpretation of emotions. For a more in-depth discussion of this discipline, check out the American Psychologist article by Ochsner & Lieberman.

http://www.macalester.edu/psychology/whathap/UBNRP/Imaging/index.html
This site gives a nice overview of the differences between structural and functional imaging techniques, along with actual images of each.

http://www.fmri.org/fmri.htm
The Program for Imaging and Cognitive Sciences at the Columbia University Medical Center maintains this site that describes the basics of fMRI, its methods and procedures, and future applications of fMRI to neuro-oncology. Academic journal articles as well as newspaper articles are provided for reading about specific studies using fMRI.

http://neurocog.psy.tufts.edu/images/erp.htm
This site provides an overview focused specifically on event-related potentials (ERPs) and electroencephalograms (EEGs), and it includes illustrations and links to relevant references.

http://library.thinkquest.org/19314/
A comprehensive introduction to the science of artificial intelligence (AI), including its use in understanding human language, the analogy between a computer and the brain, and applications of AI to everyday life.

http://www.aaai.org/AITopics/html/neural.html
The American Association for Artificial Intelligence offers information on a range of topics, but the information on neural networks and connectionist systems (a subtopic of machine learning) is especially informative, consisting of numerous web links and news releases.


Chapter 2: Perceptual Processes I: Visual and Auditory Recognition

http://psylux.psych.tu-dresden.de/i1/kaw/diverses%20Material/www.illusionworks.com/html/jump_page.html
This site offers an extensive collection of optical and sensory illusions. Plan to spend a lot of time browsing this site.

http://www.exploratorium.edu/exhibits/f_exhibits.html
The Exploratorium, a science museum in San Francisco, offers a number of visual illusions to experience that are not commonly shown on other websites.

http://viscog.beckman.uiuc.edu/djs_lab/demos.html
Daniel Simons's visual cognition lab at the University of Illinois offers a number of examples of change blindness and inattentional blindness using Java-enabled videos.

http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/java/faces.html
This site illustrates the difficulties of face recognition when faces are presented upside-down. Several demonstrations are provided, along with a test of your own memory for faces.

http://www.psy.gla.ac.uk/~steve/pubsci/index.html
This website shows a 4-minute animation film, Deficit, by Calum MacAulay to simulate the experience of proposagnosia.

http://www.exploratorium.edu/exhibits/wig/index.html
The Exploratorium, a science museum in San Francisco, posts this memory "exhibit" to demonstrate how certain facial features are more important than others in influencing memory for faces.

http://scicom.ucsc.edu/SciNotes/9601/Speech/00Intro.html
This site demonstrates how computerized talking images of a human head are being used to research the role that visual cues play in our perception of speech.

http://www.faculty.ucr.edu/~rosenblu/VSMcGurk.html
An actual demonstration of the McGurk effect is given here, along with instructions for producing a live demonstration of this effect.




Chapter 3: Perceptual Processes II: Attention and Consciousness

http://www.mrc-cbu.cam.ac.uk/Research/attention/attention.shtml
The Medical Research Council, Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, focuses on research on attention combined with physiological methods. This site gives an overview of the researchers and their projects.

http://www.dualtask.org/
Harold Paschler at UCSD offers several demonstrations of attention, specifically the limits to our attention when engaging in multiple tasks at one top. Visible Bottleneck 1 is a good place to start.

http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/words.html
This site demonstrates the traditional Stroop effect along with several other variations that you can try; they record your reading times in different conditions to illustrate Stroop interference.

http://epsych.msstate.edu/deliberate/Stroop/index.html
Another site that effectively demonstrates Stroop interference by having you name the colors of words.

http://www.ted.com/index.php/talks/vilayanur_ramachandran_on_your_mind.html
In his talk "A Journey to the Center of Your Mind", famous neurologist V. S. Ramachandran discusses his investigations into the nature of human consciousness by presenting three astonishing delusions.

http://abcnews.go.com/Health/AnxietyScreening/story?id=4659739
Watch a short video clip of Dr. Jeff Szymanski as he discusses the symptoms of obsessive compulsive disorder, one of which is thought suppression.

http://serendip.brynmawr.edu/bb/blindsight.html
This site illustrates the concept of blindsight, using a demonstration for people without brain lesions. Try to experience blindsight for yourself.





Chapter 4: Working Memory

http://courses.missouristate.edu/TimothyBender/mem/mydemos.html#recent
This website contains several demonstrations of cognitive phenomena. Each of these experiments can be downloaded to your computer, and then you can double-click each one to run the experiment. Relevant to this chapter are: Memory Span, Digit Span, Operation Span, Proactive Interference and Release, Serial Positions Effect, and STM Decay.

http://www.brainconnection.com/topics/?main=fa/working-memory
http://www.brainconnection.com/topics/?main=fa/memory-language
The Brain Connection offers a variety of articles pertinent to working memory and related issues. Specific articles include "Neurological Scratchpad: Looking Into Working Memory" and "Working Memory, Language and Reading".

http://thebrain.mcgill.ca/flash/a/a_07/a_07_p/a_07_p_tra/a_07_p_tra.html
This site gives a comprehensive overview of memory and the brain, with interactive hyperlinks and colorful figures. The sections on short-term memory and working memory are most relevant to this chapter. Most useful is the ability to change the level of explanation (beginner, intermediate, advanced) and the level of organization (social, psychological, neurological, cellular, molecular).

http://www.apa.org/monitor/sep05/workout.html
Research described in the APA Monitor shows that working memory can be improved by training. Want to exercise your visual working memory? Click here to play a game, where dots will flash briefly, and you try to click their positions in the order they appeared.





Chapter 5: Long-Term Memory

http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=7584970
Listen to the story of H.M., the famous amnesic patient who has helped scientists to better understand how memory is processed in the brain. Especially interesting are the excerpts from actual conversations with H.M.

http://thebrain.mcgill.ca/flash/a/a_07/a_07_p/a_07_p_oub/a_07_p_oub.html
This site gives a comprehensive overview of forgetting and amnesia, with interactive hyperlinks and colorful figures. Change the level of explanation (beginner, intermediate, advanced) and the level of organization (social, psychological, neurological, cellular, molecular) for different types of information.

http://faculty.washington.edu/eloftus/
The web page of Elizabeth Loftus, a renowned researcher at the University of California at Irvine, has links to a number of her articles on false memories.

http://members.aol.com/ingramorg/
Read the detailed story of Paul Ingram, a respected family man who confessed to sexual abuse following accusations from his daughters, but he later professed his innocence, claiming he was a victim of a false memory.

http://courses.missouristate.edu/TimothyBender/mem/mydemos.html
This website contains several cognitive demonstrations relevant to this chapter. Each of these experiments can be downloaded to your computer, and then you can double-click each one to run the experiment. Relevant to this chapter are: Distinctiveness, Levels of Processing, Priming, Encoding Specificity, False Recall and False Recognition, and Implicit Memory.

http://psychexps.olemiss.edu/
PsychExperiments: Psychology Experiments on the Internet contains several demonstrations relevant to this chapter that are run online, including one on eyewitness testimony (Be A Juror), false memory (Facial Recognition), and the self-reference effect (Self-Reference).

http://serendip.brynmawr.edu/bb/sourcemon/index.html
Participate in a real experiment on source memory for modality with visual and auditory stimuli.




Chapter 6: Memory Strategies and Metacognition

http://brain.web-us.com/memory/
Sponsored by Intelegen, Inc., this site offers a number of links describing the processes involved in memory, illustrations of how memory works, and ways to improve your memory.

http://www.exploratorium.edu/memory/dont_forget/index.html
The Exploratorium has an online exhibit on memory. Here are some activities to test your memory and some suggestions to help you remember things better.

http://www.mindtools.com/memory.html
Tools for improving your memory using a variety of techniques for different purposes, such as learning foreign language vocabulary or people's names.

http://psych.wustl.edu/memory/Roddy%20article%20PDF's/Roediger%20&%20Karpicke%20(2006)%20Review.pdf
Read an article by Roediger and Karpicke (2006) on the testing effect.

http://www.personal.kent.edu/~jdunlosk/metacog/webres.html
The website of IAM, the International Association for Metacognition, contains a number of links relevant to metacognition and metamemory.

http://www.apa.org/releases/tot.html
James and Burke (2000) published an important article on priming of tip-of-the-tongue experiences. The press release from APA along with a link to the full-text article are given here.





Chapter 7: Mental Imagery and Cognitive Maps

http://www.sparknotes.com/psychology/cognitive/perception/section1.html
Sparknotes from Barnes and Noble gives a nice overview of the topic of mental imagery within cognitive psychology.

http://www.edge.org/3rd_culture/kosslyn/kosslyn_index.html
Watch a 10-minute video (or read the text) of an interview with Dr. Stephen Kosslyn, a pioneer in mental imagery research, in "What shape are a German Shepherd's ears?" There is also a response from Zenon Pylyshyn regarding the imagery debate.

http://psychexps.olemiss.edu/Exps/Mental_Rotation/startmr.htm
Participate in a mental rotation experiment based on Shepard and Metzler (1971)'s classic experiment.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/humanbody/sex/articles/spatial_tests.shtml/
The BBC produces a television series, "Secrets of the Sexes", that explores brain sex differences. From this series, this article focuses on spatial ability, with a link to take the Sex ID test that uses a series of visual challenges and questions to produce your brain sex profile.

http://www-psych.stanford.edu/~bt/
At psychology professor Barbara Tversky's website at Stanford University, you can find links to many of her papers on the nature of spatial mental representations.

http://www.imagery-imagination.com/
A resource for the scientific, philosophical, and historical approaches to imagination and mental imagery and their roles in consciousness and cognition.


Chapter 8: General Knowledge

http://www.apa.org/monitor/may07/makingsense.html
This ScienceWatch article from the May 2007 issue of the APA Monitor links breakdowns in semantic memory with Alzheimer's disease.

http://www.brainconnection.com/topics/?main=sci-news/false-memory
This article from the Brain Connection entitled "Remembrance of Things False: Scientists incite illusory memories and explore their implications" discusses Bartlett's work on memory and its implications for later research on memory.

http://courses.missouristate.edu/TimothyBender/mem/mydemos.html#recent
The demonstrations on Sentence Memory illustrate the classic paradigm of Bransford and Franks (1971), where inferences are constructed during reading and stored in memory, as well as Bransford, Barclay, and Franks' (1972) study showing false recognition of inferences. These experiments must first be downloaded to your computer.

http://act-r.psy.cmu.edu/about/
Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University describe ACT-R, a connectionist theory about how cognition works.

https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/demo/selectatest.html
This site gives a number of Implicit Association Tests to illustrate automatic activation of stereotypes, such as age, gender, and race.

http://www.psichi.org/pubs/articles/article_112.asp
The author of the textbook, Dr. Margaret Matlin, gave the Psi Chi Distinguished Lecture at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association in 1998. This lecture on the cognitive basis of gender stereotypes is reproduced here.




Chapter 9: Language I: Introduction to Language and Language Comprehension

http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~lngbrain/
This site out of Rice University discusses neurolinguistics, neural networks used in language, and different types of cortical neurons used in language learning.

http://www.kissthisguy.com/
This site provides numerous examples of misperceived song lyrics, illustrating ambiguity in language comprehension.

http://www.fun-with-words.com/ambiguous_garden_path.html
A fun site with lots of quirky language examples, such as garden path sentences.

http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/default.htm
The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association covers many speech and language disorders on this site, which is very informative.

http://mdchoice.com/Pt/consumer/aphasia.asp
This medical information site gives a comprehensive overview of aphasia, including its characteristics, its causes, and its treatment. You might also browse YouTube for videos of Broca and Wernicke's aphasia patients, which appear periodically.

http://teachingtreasures.com.au/homeschool/reading-methods/reading-methods.htm
This site covers four methods for teaching children to read, along with relevant links for further information on each method.


Chapter 10: Language II: Production and Bilingualism

http://www.ncela.gwu.edu/pubs/focus/focus1.htm
A thoughtful essay by Kenji Hakuta on bilingualism and bilingual education.

http://www.brainconnection.com/topics/?main=fa/cognitive-bilingualism
This essay discusses the cognitive advantages of bilingualism. See also the article entitled "Brains show signs of two bilingual roads".

http://www.fun-with-words.com/tongue_twisters.html
A fun site with lots of tongue twisters to try.

http://www.litsite.org/index.cfm?section=Narrative-and-Healing&page=Perspectives
On LitSite Alaska, read a number of articles by health professionals discussing the health and educational benefits of verbal and written narratives.

http://cogprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/archive/00003246/
This site contains Thierry Olive's (2003) article on the use of dual-task paradigms to understand the role of working memory in writing.




Chapter 11: Problem Solving and Creativity

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=2351172331453380070&hl=en
See a real-life example of expertise in a documentary about Daniel Tammet, a man who demonstrates his incredible photographic memory and applications of it.

http://www.gse.uci.edu/person/mmartinez/documents/mmartinez_Problem_Solving.html
A thoughtful essay on problem solving, the role of heuristics, and metacognition.

http://enchantedmind.com
This site presents an overview of the attributes and techniques underlying creativity as well as tests of intelligence and creativity. Click the Creativity link to begin.

http://www.lhs.berkeley.edu/java/tower/tower.html
Here you can try to the Tower of Hanoi puzzle, a classic problem used in many experiments on problem solving. To make the problem more difficult, select a larger number of disks.

https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/books-and-monographs/psychology-of-intelligence-analysis/art9.html
This chapter in a volume produced by the CIA discusses mental ruts (i.e., mental set), ways to keep a more flexible perspective, and ideas for stimulating creative thinking.

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/sats/interviews/steele.html
Read a PBS transcript from the show "Frontline", where Dr. Claude Steele, a social psychology professor at Stanford University, discusses his research on stereotype threat and its relevance to the SAT test. Also, click "video excerpt" to see a short video on this topic.





Chapter 12: Deductive Reasoning and Decision Making

https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/books-and-monographs/psychology-of-intelligence-analysis/index.html
This volume, Psychology of Intelligence analysis, is a compilation of articles written for use within the CIA Directorate of Intelligence. The author reviewed studies in cognitive psychology under the rubric of thinking.

http://www.psych.ucsb.edu/research/cep/socex/wason.htm
This site demonstrates a number of examples using the Wason Selection task in deductive reasoning.

http://www2.sjsu.edu/depts/itl/graphics/induc/ind-ded.html
A nice overview of inductive and deductive reasoning, with exercises to clarify the differences between them.

http://www.learner.org/discoveringpsychology/11/e11expand.html
Test your knowledge about the availability heuristic in decision making through several examples of estimating probabilities.

http://www.cygnus-group.com/CIDM/risk.html
A comprehensive overview about decision-making heuristics, our perception of risk, and overconfidence in our decisions.

http://www.nbc.com/Deal_or_No_Deal/game/flash.shtml
Try some decision-making strategies by playing the online version of the hit game show, "Deal or No Deal".


Chapter 13: Cognitive Development Throughout the Lifespan

http://cnx.org/content/m11175/latest/#infant_list
See several short videos demonstrating three methods used to study infants' speech perception.

http://www.jhu.edu/~gazette/octdec96/nov1896/infant.html
This article in the newspaper of Johns Hopkins University discusses research that shows infants as young as seven and a half months are able to experience the cocktail party phenomenon.

http://www.earlychildhoodnews.com/page2.aspx
This resource designed for parents and teachers consists of numerous articles pertaining to early childhood education.

http://www.apa.org/science/psa/sb-bauer.html
In this Psychological Science Agenda from APA, Dr. Patricia Bauer discusses childhood amnesia from a developmental perspective.

http://www.uab.edu/cogdev/childmem.htm
The University of Alabama at Birmingham Cognitive Development lab illustrates their five programs of research on children's memory strategies.

http://www.helpguide.org/life/prevent_memory_loss.htm
This site offers helpful suggestions for preventing or reducing age-related memory loss as well as links to relevant articles and websites.

http://www.americanscientist.org/issues/id.3626,y.2008,no.3,content.true,page.1,css.print/issue.aspx
This American Scientist article by Dr. Lise Abrams, associate professor of psychology at the University of Florida, tells us what tip-of-the-tongue states tell us about the processes underlying language production and how these processes change as we age.