knowledge of statistical reasoning, from descriptive
statistics such as histograms, measures of central tendency,
variability, and correlation, to inferential statistics including,
probability theory, hypothesis testing, effect size, t-tests,
analysis of variance (ANOVA),
and chi square, which are essential for understanding
scientific reports in psychology and cognitive science. Students
enrolled in this class must obtain a "C"
or better to enroll in PSYC
3302. Prerequisite: PSYC
2301 or permission of instructor. Corequisite: Concurrent
enrollment in PSYC
Basic Statistics for Psychology Laboratory.
Course You Should Gain the Following:
Ability to understand and explain to others the statistical analysis
in reports of social and behavioral science research journals.
The ability to identify the appropriate statistical procedures
for basic quantitative research, and to carry out the necessary
3. The ability to
apply and utilize statistical
concepts in designing, executing, and interpreting psychological
development of your quantitative
and analytic thinking skills.
5. A preparation for
courses in statistical and research
methods (or experimental psychology).
6. Employ the
appropriate methods, technologies and data that social and behavioral
scientists use to investigate the human condition.
METHODS OF LEARNING:
Reading the assigned material, which includes following the numeric
examples closely and writing down questions about anything not
entirely clear to you.
Reading statistics requires close study
and re-reading (and re-reading and re-reading), not just reading through once as you might an ordinary
Testing your knowledge and reviewing each lecture using
Guide and Workbook,
and the book's Official
Page or Aron's
Webpage page for learning aids (e.g., Exams Questions).
Completing the assigned practice problems. Statistics is a skill--it
is necessary to DO
statistics, not just read and understand!
lectures, listening closely, asking questions. DO
Studying for, taking, and reviewing answers for
chapters summaries, learn the key terms, and practice the Worked-out
Problems for each chapter!
Improving your understanding of statistics by using
statistical software such as JASP, PSPP, Jamovi (which are Free GNU/Open
Source Apps), amd SPSS
the computer labs).
8. Ask, answer questions, or report interesting articles about issues
related to statistics or research in the TAMIU-Stats Facebook
rightly pointed out by Linden
(2007), I will "Imagine
audience has zero knowledge [about stats] but
infinite intelligence" (Prologue,
accidental mind: How brain evolution
us love, memory, dreams, and god).
A., Coups, E. J., Aron, E. N. (2011). Statistics
the behavioral and social sciences: A brief course
Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. (ISBN-10:
OPTIONAL STATISTICAL COMPUTER WORKBOOK:
A., & Aron, E. N. (2011). Study
and computer workbook for statistics for the behavioral
sciences: A Brief Course
ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall. (ISBN-10:
FREE COMPUTER PROGRAMS (Class and Laboratory will emphasize JASP and JAMOVI):
JASP, Jamovi, and PSPP (a Free replacement for the
proprietary program SPSS) which can be
downloaded from here
for Windows, here
for Mac, and here for Linux
users and Chappa
& Heredia GLSD for Mac and Windows.
= 4) and SQR-Root Number Capabilities. You must have your own
1. Each of the three exams will cover only
the material since the last exam (except to the extent that the
previous material is necessary for understanding the new material).
Exams will be multiple choice and short answer essays requiring
conceptual understanding of statistical principles necessary in
final Examination will be
comprehensive and will contain a written component (see Policies
of the College of Arts & Sciences).
Exam or Quiz make-ups will be allowed.
ABOUT IMPORTANT ISSUES
RELATED TO CLASS AND ASSIGNMENTS:
starts on time.
2. Students have
complained that they are being
greatly distracted by students talking during class, playing with their
phones, getting up and leaving class. Stundents want to have clear
expectations and to enforce them.
a. Turn off and put your Cellular phones away. Student will be asked to leave the classroom
ring during lecture or student is actively using phone.
b. Students talking during class lectures will be asked to leave the classroom.
c. Students should remain on their seats until
the end of the class.
3. Students are welcomed to bring personal computers (e.g., laptops,
netbooks, or tablets) to class for note-taking purposes. Students
should not use class time for net surfing or for other
FOR ALL assignments, pleasee show your work.
Assignments with answers only will not be accepted and will not be
counted. Please turn in your homework assignments to your corresponding laboratory session.
better appreciate and learn the methods of psychology, you are
required to participate in 2 on-going psychological experiment.
Students with learning, visual, or hearing disabilities are exempt
from this requirement. This exemption also applies to participants
that may not meet the specific requirements of the particular
experiment or study. As an alternative, if you do not wish to
participate in psychological experiments, you can write two 4-5 paged
review of a journal article. Please discuss this possibility with
6. It is
expected that you will neither give nor receive any unauthorized aid (defined
as, but not limited to, the use of your notes, textbooks, the
internet, or people) for all tests and
assignments in this class. All students are required to read and
Devil's HONOR CODE, complete the HONOR
CODE FORM and return it to your professor, and remember, a
Dusty Devil does not lie, cheat, or steal, or tolerate those who do.
earn extra points by participating in ongoing research projects,
provided that you meet the requirements of the particular experiment.
These requirements are determined by the investigator of the
particular study. After you complete the required experiment (2
hours), you will earn 1 extra points for every additional hour (up to 15
hours) that you participate.
Grade Summary: Points
will accumulate over the semester such that there will be:
@ 100 Points
(60% of grade)
@ 100 Points
100 Points (20%
Participation & Attendance
@ 50 Points
(10% of grade)
|@ 50 Points
(10% of grade)
Points: 500 pts.
A = 90-100%, B = 80-89%, C = 70-79%, D =
60-69%, F =59% and below
Using Tables and Graphs, Displaying number
& Graphs / Distribution
Shapes: Describing Distributions
1- 4, 7
Tyranny of the Mean: Th Averages, The Mean, Median &
JUN 06 - 7
Deviation/Z Scores: Spread Out vs. Clustered Data
HW# 3: 3-5,7,12,13
I/II: Relationship Between Variables or Possible Cause and
HW# 4: 1-4
I-II Ability to Predict or Educated Guesses Based on
1 Study Guide
of Inferential Statistics
Curve (Z calculator):
Sample vs. Populations (Chappa
& Heredia GLSD)
1, 3, 5, 6, 13, 14
Simulator): Computing & Understanding Probabilities
Testing Logic I & II:
Stating and Testing Hypotheses Scientifically
HW# 8: 1-4,
of Means: Hypothesis Testing with Means of Samples
HW# 9: 1-
and Confidence Intervals: Testing with Means of Samples
10: 4, 17
and Effect Size I/II: Making Sense of Statistics
HW# 11: 1
2 Study Guide
to the T-Test & Single -Sample T-Tes (T
HW# 12: 1-3,
Means T-Tes: T-Tes for Correlated Samples
HW# 13: 3,
Means T-Tes I: T-Tesfor Uncorrelated or Independent
HW# 14: 2-6
3 Study Guide
|PART III CONT
of Variance (ANOVA): Parametric Statistics
to ANOVA (Fisher,
Analysis for Multiple Group Means
HW# 15: 1-3
to Factorial Designs: Analysis for Multiple Group Means
HW# 16: 4-5,
Test of Goodness of Fit / Chi-SQR
Test of IndependenceChi-SQR
HW# 17: 1,
Final Exam Study Guide
above schedule and procedures in this course are subject to change
the event of extenuating circumstances.
& Books on Statistics:
Lecture: Linear Models; On-Line
on Maximum Likelihood; On-line: Life
Text: Visual Statistics; Articles
& Evaluation; Statistical
& Research I
Statistics for Psychology
for GPS Deformation; Nonparametric
Program: Visual Statistics; Learning
on the web:
Want to Practice and Read More About Statistics? Try the Following
OF THE COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES
The College of Arts and Sciences encourages classroom discussion and
academic debate as an essential intellectual activity. It is essential
that students learn to express and defend their beliefs, but it is
also essential that they learn to listen and respond respectfully to
others whose beliefs they may not share. The College will always
tolerate diverse, unorthodox, and unpopular points of view, but it
will not tolerate condescending or insulting remarks. When students
verbally abuse or ridicule and intimidate others whose views they do
not agree with, they subvert the free exchange of ideas that should
characterize a university classroom. If their actions are deemed by
the professor to be disruptive, they will be subject to appropriate
disciplinary action, which may include being involuntarily withdrawn
from the class.
Plagiarism and Cheating
Plagiarism is the presentation of someone else’s work as your own. It
occurs when you:
1) Borrow someone else’s facts,
ideas, or opinions and put them entirely in your own words, you must
acknowledge that these thoughts are not your own by immediately citing
the source in your paper. Failure to do this is plagiarism.
2) Borrow someone else’s words
(short phrases, clauses, or sentences), you must enclose the copied
words in quotation marks as well as citing the source. Failure
to do this is plagiarism.
3) Present someone else’s paper or
exam (stolen, borrowed, or bought) as your own, you have committed a
clearly intentional form of intellectual theft and have put your
academic future in jeopardy. This is the worst form of plagiarism.
Here is another explanation from the 2010, sixth edition of the Manual
of The American Psychological Association (APA):
Plagiarism: Researchers do not claim the words and ideas
of another as their own; they give credit where credit is due.
Quotations marks should be used to indicate the exact words of
another. Each time you paraphrase another author (i.e., summarize a
passage or rearrange the order of a sentence and change some of the
words), you need to credit the source in the text.
The key element of this principle is that authors do not present the
work of another as if it were their own words. This can extend to
ideas as well as written words. If authors model a study after one
done by someone else, the originating author should be given credit.
If the rationale for a study was suggested in the Discussion section
of someone else's article, the person should be given credit. Given
the free exchange of ideas, which is very important for the health
of intellectual discourse, authors may not know where an idea for a
study originated. If authors do know, however, they should
acknowledge the source; this includes personal communications (pp. 15-16).
Consult the Writing Center or a recommended guide to documentation and
research such as the Manual of the APA or the MLA Handbook for
Writers of Research Papers for guidance on proper
documentation. If you still have doubts concerning proper
documentation, seek advice from your instructor prior to submitting a
Penalties for Plagiarism: Should a faculty
member discover that a student has committed plagiarism, the student
should receive a grade of 'F' in that course and the matter will be
referred to the Honor Council for possible disciplinary action. The
faculty member, however, may elect to give freshmen and sophomore
students a “zero” for the assignment and to allow them to revise the
assignment up to a grade of “F” (50%) if they believe that the
student plagiarized out of ignorance or carelessness and not out of
an attempt to deceive in order to earn an unmerited grade. This
option should not be available to juniors, seniors, or graduate
students, who cannot reasonably claim ignorance of documentation rules
as an excuse.
-- Caution: Be very careful what you upload to
Turnitin or send to your professor for evaluation. Whatever you upload
for evaluation will be considered your final, approved draft. If it is
plagiarized, you will be held responsible. The excuse that “it was
only a draft” will not be accepted.
-- Caution: Also, do not share your electronic
files with others. If you do, you are responsible for the possible
consequences. If another student takes your file of a paper and
changes the name to his or her name and submits it and you also submit
the paper, we will hold both of you responsible for plagiarism. It is
impossible for us to know with certainty who wrote the paper and who
stole it. And, of course, we cannot know if there was collusion
between you and the other student in the matter.
Penalties for Cheating: Should a faculty member
discover a student cheating on an exam or quiz or other class project,
the student should receive a “zero” for the assignment and not be
allowed to make the assignment up. The incident should be reported to
the chair of the department and to the Honor Council. If the cheating
is extensive, however, or if the assignment constitutes a major grade
for the course (e.g., a final exam), or if the student has cheated in
the past, the student should receive an “F” in the course, and the
matter should be referred to the Honor Council. Under no circumstances
should a student who deserves an “F” in the course be allowed to
withdraw from the course with a “W.”
Student Right of Appeal: Faculty will notify
students immediately via the student’s TAMIU e-mail account that they
have submitted plagiarized work. Students have the right to appeal a
faculty member’s charge of academic dishonesty by notifying the TAMIU
Honor Council of their intent to appeal as long as the notification of
appeal comes within 10 business days of the faculty member’s e-mail
message to the student. The Student Handbook provides more
Use of Work in Two or More Courses
You may not submit work completed in one course for a grade in a
second course unless you receive explicit permission to do so by the
instructor of the second course.
UConnect, TAMIU E-Mail, and Dusty Alert
Personal Announcements sent to students through TAMIU’s UConnect
Portal and TAMIU E-mail are the official means of communicating course
and university business with students and faculty – not the U.S. Mail
and no other e-mail addresses. Students and faculty must check
UConnect and their TAMIU e-mail accounts regularly, if not daily. Not
having seen an important TAMIU e-mail or UConnect message from a
faculty member, chair, or dean is not accepted as an excuse for
failure to take important action. Students, faculty, and staff are
encouraged to sign-up for Dusty Alert (see www.tamiu.edu). Dusty
Alert is an instant cell phone text-messaging system allowing
the university to communicate immediately with you if there is an
on-campus emergency, something of immediate danger to you, or a campus
The Copyright Act of 1976 grants to copyright owners the exclusive
right to reproduce their works and distribute copies of their work.
Works that receive copyright protection include published works such
as a textbook. Copying a textbook without permission from the owner of
the copyright may constitute copyright infringement. Civil and
criminal penalties may be assessed for copyright infringement. Civil
penalties include damages up to $100,000; criminal penalties include a
fine up to $250,000 and imprisonment.
Copyright laws do not allow students and professors to make
photocopies of copyrighted materials, but you may copy a limited
portion of a work, such an article from a journal or a chapter from
a book for your own personal academic use or, in the case of a
professor, for personal, limited classroom use. In general, the
extent of your copying should not suggest that the purpose or the
effect of your copying is to avoid paying for the materials. And, of
course, you may not sell these copies for a profit. Thus, students
who copy textbooks to avoid buying them or professors who provide
photocopies of textbooks to enable students to save money are
violating the law.
Students with Disabilities
Texas A&M International University seeks to provide reasonable
accommodations for all qualified persons with disabilities. This
University will adhere to all applicable federal, state, and local
laws, regulations and guidelines with respect to providing reasonable
accommodations as required to afford equal education opportunity. It
is the student's responsibility to register with the Director of
Student Counseling and to contact the faculty member in a timely
fashion to arrange for suitable accommodations.
Student Attendance and Leave of Absence (LOA) Policy:
As part of our efforts to assist and encourage all students towards
graduation, TAMIU provides LOA’s for students, including
pregnant/parenting students, in accordance with the Attendance Rule
(Section 3.24) and the Student LOA Rule (Section 3.25), which includes
the “Leave of Absence Request” form. Both rules can be found in the
TAMIU Student Handbook (URL: http://www.tamiu.edu/studentaffairs/StudentHandbook1.shtml).
Under Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, harassment based
on sex, including harassment because of pregnancy or related
conditions, is prohibited. A pregnant/parenting student
must be granted a leave of absence (LOA) for as long as the student’s
physician deems the absence medically necessary. As a TAMIU faculty
member, we must:
1) Allow a pregnant/parenting student to submit work after a deadline
that was missed because of a LOA due to pregnancy or childbirth,
2) If grading is based in part on class attendance or participation,
allow a pregnant/parenting student to earn the credits missed so that
the student can be reinstated to the status held before the LOA, and
3) At the conclusion of the LOA, allow the pregnant/parenting student
to return to the same academic and extracurricular status held when
the LOA began.
If we receive a request from a student for a LOA, including
pregnant/parenting students, we will promptly report it to and seek
guidance from the Office of Student Affairs at ext. 2282.
Students who are unable to complete a course should withdraw from the
course before the final date for withdrawal and receive a “W.”
To qualify for an “incomplete” and thus have the opportunity to
complete the course at a later date, a student must meet the following
1) The student must have completed 90% of the course work assigned
before the final date for withdrawing from a course with a “W”, and
the student must be passing the course;
2) The student cannot complete the course because an accident, an
illness, or a traumatic personal or family event occurred after the
final date for withdrawal from a course;
3) The student must sign an “Incomplete Grade Contract” and secure
signatures of approval from the professor and the college dean.
4) The student must agree to complete the missing course work before
the end of the next long semester; failure to meet this deadline will
cause the “I” to automatically be converted to an “F”; extensions to
this deadline may be granted by the dean of the college.
This is the general policy regarding the circumstances under which an
“incomplete” may be granted, but under exceptional circumstances, a
student may receive an incomplete who does not meet all of the
criteria above if the faculty member, department chair, and dean
WIN Contracts are offered only under exceptional circumstances and are
limited to seniors. Only courses offered by full-time TAMIU faculty or
TAMIU instructors are eligible to be contracted for the WIN
requirement. However, a WIN contract for a course taught by an adjunct
may be approved, with special permission from the department chair and
dean. Students must seek approval before beginning any work for the
WIN Contract. No student will contract more than one course per
semester. Summer WIN Contracts must continue through both summer
Student Responsibility for Dropping a Course
It is the responsibility of the STUDENT to drop the course before the
final date for withdrawal from a course. Faculty members, in fact, may
not drop a student from a course without getting the approval of their
department chair and dean.
Independent Study Course
Independent Study (IS) courses are offered only under exceptional
circumstances. Required courses intended to build academic skills may
not be taken as IS (e.g., clinical supervision and internships). No
student will take more than one IS course per semester. Moreover, IS
courses are limited to seniors and graduate students. Summer IS course
must continue through both summer sessions.
Grade Changes & Appeals
Faculty are authorized to change final grades only when they have
committed a computational error or an error in recording a grade, and
they must receive the approval of their department chairs and the dean
to change the grade. As part of that approval, they must attach a
detailed explanation of the reason for the mistake. Only in rare
cases would another reason be entertained as legitimate for a grade
change. A student who is unhappy with his or her grade on an
assignment must discuss the situation with the faculty member teaching
the course. If students believe that they have been graded unfairly,
they have the right to appeal the grade using a grade appeal process
in the Student Handbook and the Faculty Handbook.
Final Examination must be comprehensive and must contain a written
component. The written component should comprise at least 20% of the
final exam grade. Exceptions to this policy must receive the approval
of the department chair and the dean at the beginning of the semester.