knowledge of statistical reasoning, from descriptive
statistics such as histograms, measures of central tendency,
variability, and correlation, to inferential statistics including,
probability theory, hypothesis testing, effect size, t-tests,
analysis of variance (ANOVA),
and chi square, which are essential for understanding
scientific reports in psychology and cognitive science. Students
enrolled in this class must obtain a "C"
or better to enroll in PSYC
3302. Prerequisite: PSYC
2301 or permission of instructor. Corequisite: Concurrent
enrollment in PSYC
Basic Statistics for Psychology Laboratory.
Course You Should Gain the Following:
Ability to understand and explain to others the statistical analysis
in reports of social and behavioral science research journals.
The ability to identify the appropriate statistical procedures
for basic quantitative research, and to carry out the necessary
3. The ability to
apply and utilize statistical
concepts in designing, executing, and interpreting psychological
development of your quantitative
and analytic thinking skills.
5. A preparation for
courses in statistical and research
methods (or experimental psychology).
6. Employ the
appropriate methods, technologies and data that social and behavioral
scientists use to investigate and understand the human condition.
METHODS OF LEARNING:
Reading the assigned material, which includes following the numeric
examples closely and writing down questions about anything not
entirely clear to you.
Reading statistics requires close study
and re-reading, not just reading through once as you might an ordinary
Testing your knowledge and reviewing each lecture using
Guide and Workbook,
and visiting the book's Official
Page or Aron's
Webpage page for learning aids (e.g., Exams Questions).
Completing the assigned practice problems. Statistics is a skill--it
is necessary to DO
statistics, not just read and understand!
lectures, listening closely, asking questions. DO
Studying for, taking, and reviewing answers for
chapters summaries, learn the key terms, and practice the worked-out
Problems for each chapter!
Improving your understanding of statistics by using
multiplatform (Mac, Linux, Windows) statistical software (e.g., GLSD, Jamovi, JASP, PSPP,) which is Free GNU/Open
Source, or SPSS (available at
the computer labs). Choose among other statistical programs available here,
8. Ask, answer questions, or report interesting articles about issues
related to statistics or research in the TAMIU-Stats Facebook
rightly pointed out by Linden
(2007), I will "Imagine
audience has zero knowledge [about stats] but
infinite intelligence" (Prologue,
accidental mind: How brain evolution
us love, memory, dreams, and god).
REQUIRED TEXTS AND
STATISTICAL COMPUTER PROGRAM:
A., Coups, E. J., Aron, E. N. (2011). Statistics
the behavioral and social sciences: A brief course
Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. (ISBN-10:
A., & Aron, E. N. (2011). Study
and computer workbook for statistics for the behavioral
sciences: A Brief Course
ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall. (ISBN-10:
FREE COMPUTER PROGRAMS (Class and Laboratory will emphasize JASP and JAMOVI):
JASP, Jamovi, and PSPP (a Free replacement for the
proprietary program SPSS) which can be
downloaded from here
for Windows, here
for Mac, and here for Linux
users and Chappa
& Heredia GLSD for Mac and Windows.
= 4) and SQR-Root Number Capabilities.
1. Each of the three exams will cover only
the material since the last exam (except to the extent that the
previous material is necessary for understanding the new material).
Exams will be multiple choice and short answer essays requiring
conceptual understanding of statistical principles necessary in
final Examination will be
comprehensive and will contain a written component (see Policies
of the College of Arts & Sciences).
5. The lowest exam score will be dropped; no
exam make-ups will be allowed.
ABOUT IMPORTANT ISSUES
RELATED TO CLASS AND ASSIGNMENTS:
starts on time.
2. Students have
complained that they are being
greatly distracted by students talking during class, playing with their
phones, getting up and leaving class. Stundents want to have clear
expectations and to enforce them.
a. Cellular phones should be turned off and put
away. Student will be warned
once and the second
time will be asked to leave the classroom
ring during lecture or student is actively using/checking phone.
b. Students talking during class lectures will
be warned once and the second time will be asked to leave the classroom.
c. Students should remain on their seats until
the end of the class.
3. Students are welcomed to bring personal computers (e.g., laptops,
netbooks, or tablets) to class for note-taking purposes. Students
should not use class time for net surfing or for other
non-class-related purposes. Students will be warned once, and the
second time will be asked to leave the classroom.
FOR ALL assignments, pleasee show your work.
Assignments with answers only will not be accepted and will not be
counted. Please turn in your homework assignments to your corresponding laboratory session.
better appreciate and learn the methods of psychology, you are
required to participate in 2 on-going psychological experiment.
Students with learning, visual, or hearing disabilities are exempt
from this requirement. This exemption also applies to participants
that may not meet the specific requirements of the particular
experiment or study. As an alternative, if you do not wish to
participate in psychological experiments, you can write two 4-5 paged
review of a journal article. Please discuss this possibility with
6. It is
expected that you will neither give nor receive any unauthorized aid (defined
as, but not limited to, the use of your notes, textbooks, the
internet, or people) for all tests and
assignments in this class. All students are required to read and
Devil's HONOR CODE, complete the HONOR
CODE FORM and return it to your professor, and remember, a
Dusty Devil does not lie, cheat, or steal, or tolerate those who do.
earn extra points by participating in ongoing research projects,
provided that you meet the requirements of the particular experiment.
These requirements are determined by the investigator of the
particular study. After you complete the required experiment (2
hours), you will earn 1 extra points for every additional hour (up to 10
hours) that you participate.
Grade Summary: Points
will accumulate over the semester such that there will be:
@ 150 Points
(63% of grade)
@ 150 Points
150 Points (32%
Attendance & Participation
@ 25 Points
(5% of grade)
Points: 475 pts.
A = 90-100%, B = 80-89%, C = 70-79%, D =
60-69%, F =59% and below
Using Tables and Graphs, Displaying number
1- 4, 7
Tyranny of the Mean: Th Averages, The Mean, Median &
Deviation/Z Scores: Spread Out vs. Clustered Data
HW# 3: 3-5,7,12,13
I/II: Relationship vs. Cause and
HW# 4: 1-4
II: Ability to Predict or Educated Guesses Based on
1 Study Guide
of Inferential Statistics
SEP 27- OCT 2
Curve (Z calculator):
Sample vs. Populations (Chappa
& Heredia GLSD)
1, 3, 5, 6, 13, 14
Simulator): Computing & Understanding Probabilities
Testing Logic I & II:
Stating and Testing Hypotheses Scientifically
HW# 8: 1-4,
of Means: Hypothesis Testing with Means of Samples
HW# 9: 1-
and Confidence Intervals: Testing with Means of Samples
10: 4, 17
and Effect Size I/II: Making Sense of Statistics
HW# 11: 1
2 Study Guide
Parametric Statisics (William S. Gosset)
to the T-Test & Single -Sample T-Tes (T
HW# 12: 1-3,
Means T-Tes: T-Tes for Correlated Samples
HW# 13: 3,
Means T-Tes I: T-Tes for Uncorrelated or Independent
HW# 14: 2-6,
3 Study Guide
|PART III CONT
Continued... (R. A. Fisher)
to ANOVA (Fisher,
Analysis for Multiple Group Means /Introduction
to Factorial Designs: Analysis for Multiple Group Means
HW# 16: 1-3, 4-5, 13
Test of Goodness of Fit / Chi-SQR
Test of IndependenceChi-SQR
HW# 18: 1,
at 2:40 PM
Final Exam Study Guide
above schedule and procedures in this course are subject to change
the event of extenuating circumstances.
& Books on Statistics:
Lecture: Linear Models; On-Line
on Maximum Likelihood; On-line: Life
Text: Visual Statistics; Articles
& Evaluation; Statistical
& Research I
Statistics for Psychology
for GPS Deformation; Nonparametric
Program: Visual Statistics; Learning
on the web:
Want to Practice and Read More About Statistics? Try the Following
POLICIES OF THE COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES
(Last Revised: August 7, 2017)
The College of Arts and Sciences encourages classroom discussion and
academic debate as an essential intellectual activity. It is essential
that students learn to express and defend their beliefs, but it is also
essential that they learn to listen and respond respectfully to others
whose beliefs they may not share. The College will always tolerate
diverse, unorthodox, and unpopular points of view, but it will not
tolerate condescending or insulting remarks. When students verbally
abuse or ridicule and intimidate others whose views they do not agree
with, they subvert the free exchange of ideas that should characterize
a university classroom. If their actions are deemed by the professor to
be disruptive, they will be subject to appropriate disciplinary action,
which may include being involuntarily withdrawn from the class.
Students are expected to attend class and to complete all assignments.
It is the student’s responsibility to communicate absences with his/her
According to University policy, acceptable reasons for an absence, which cannot affect a student’s grade, include:
• Participation in an authorized University activity.
• Death or major illness in a student’s immediate family.
• Illness of a dependent family member.
• Participation in legal proceedings or administrative procedures that require a student’s presence.
• Religious holy day.
• Illness that is too severe or contagious for the student to attend class.
• Required participation in military duties.
• Mandatory admission interviews for professional or graduate school which cannot be rescheduled.
The student is responsible for providing satisfactory evidence (i.e.,
physician note, medical release, etc.) to the faculty member within
seven calendar days of his/her absence and return to class. He/she must
substantiate the reason for absence. If the absence is excused, the
faculty member must either provide the student with the opportunity to
make up the exam or other work missed or provide a satisfactory
alternative to complete the exam or other work missed within 30
calendar days from the date of absence.
Students who miss class due to a University-sponsored activity are
responsible for identifying their absences to their faculty member(s)
with as much advance notice as possible. If an off-campus licensed
physician provides evidence of a student’s illness, the written excuse,
orders or documentation must contain the date and time of the doctor’s
appointment, the prognosis of illness, doctor’s opinion and
recommendations for the individual student. In addition, the notice
should outline whether or not the student is able to attend class. If a
physician determines that the student is not ill, he or she will not
receive an excused absence. If absence is not an excused absence, the
faculty member will decide whether makeup work will be allowed. In some
courses, attendance and in-class participation are ongoing requirements
and an integral part of the work of the course. In other courses,
occasional in-class assessments may occur, sometimes without advance
notice. It is the responsibility of the faculty member to inform each
class at the beginning of the semester of the in-class participation
expected and the effect that absences will have on the student’s
evaluation of work in the course.
Plagiarism and Cheating
Plagiarism is the presentation of someone else’s work as your own. It occurs when you:
1) Borrow someone else’s facts, ideas, or opinions
and put them entirely in your own words, you must acknowledge that
these thoughts are not your own by immediately citing the source in
your paper. Failure to do this is plagiarism.
2) Borrow someone else’s words (short phrases,
clauses, or sentences), you must enclose the copied words in quotation
marks as well as citing the source. Failure to do this is plagiarism.
3) Present someone else’s paper or exam (stolen,
borrowed, or bought) as your own, you have committed a clearly
intentional form of intellectual theft and have put your academic
future in jeopardy. This is the worst form of plagiarism.
Here is another explanation from the 2010, sixth edition of the Manual of The American Psychological Association (APA):
Plagiarism: Researchers do not claim the words and ideas of another as
their own; they give credit where credit is due. Quotations marks
should be used to indicate the exact words of another. Each time you
paraphrase another author (i.e., summarize a passage or rearrange the
order of a sentence and change some of the words), you need to credit
the source in the text.
The key element of this principle is that authors do not present the
work of another as if it were their own words. This can extend to ideas
as well as written words. If authors model a study after one done by
someone else, the originating author should be given credit. If the
rationale for a study was suggested in the Discussion section of
someone else's article, the person should be given credit. Given the
free exchange of ideas, which is very important for the health of
intellectual discourse, authors may not know where an idea for a study
originated. If authors do know, however, they should acknowledge the
source; this includes personal communications. (pp. 15-16)
Consult the Writing Center or a recommended guide to documentation and
research such as the Manual of the APA or the MLA Handbook for Writers
of Research Papers for guidance on proper documentation. If you still
have doubts concerning proper documentation, seek advice from your
instructor prior to submitting a final draft.
• Penalties for Plagiarism: Should a faculty
member discover that a student has committed plagiarism, the student
should receive a grade of 'F' in that course and the matter will be
referred to the Honor Council for possible disciplinary action. The
faculty member, however, may elect to give freshmen and sophomore
students a “zero” for the assignment and to allow them to revise the
assignment up to a grade of “F” (50%) if they believe that the student
plagiarized out of ignorance or carelessness and not out of an attempt
to deceive in order to earn an unmerited grade. This option should not
be available to juniors, seniors, or graduate students, who cannot
reasonably claim ignorance of documentation rules as an excuse.
• Caution: Be very careful what you upload to
Turnitin or send to your professor for evaluation. Whatever you upload
for evaluation will be considered your final, approved draft. If it is
plagiarized, you will be held responsible. The excuse that “it was only
a draft” will not be accepted.
• Caution: Also, do not share your electronic
files with others. If you do, you are responsible for the possible
consequences. If another student takes your file of a paper and changes
the name to his or her name and submits it and you also submit the
paper, we will hold both of you responsible for plagiarism. It is
impossible for us to know with certainty who wrote the paper and who
stole it. And, of course, we cannot know if there was collusion between
you and the other student in the matter.
• Penalties for Cheating: Should a faculty
member discover a student cheating on an exam or quiz or other class
project, the student should receive a “zero” for the assignment and not
be allowed to make the assignment up. The incident should be reported
to the chair of the department and to the Honor Council. If the
cheating is extensive, however, or if the assignment constitutes a
major grade for the course (e.g., a final exam), or if the student has
cheated in the past, the student should receive an “F” in the course,
and the matter should be referred to the Honor Council. Under no
circumstances should a student who deserves an “F” in the course be
allowed to withdraw from the course with a “W.”
• Student Right of Appeal: Faculty will notify
students immediately via the student’s TAMIU e-mail account that they
have submitted plagiarized work. Students have the right to appeal a
faculty member’s charge of academic dishonesty by notifying the TAMIU
Honor Council of their intent to appeal as long as the notification of
appeal comes within 10 business days of the faculty member’s e-mail
message to the student. The Student Handbook provides more details.
Use of Work in Two or More Courses
You may not submit work completed in one course for a grade in a second
course unless you receive explicit permission to do so by the
instructor of the second course.
UConnect, TAMIU E-Mail, and Dusty Alert
Personal Announcements sent to students through TAMIU’s UConnect Portal
and TAMIU E-mail are the official means of communicating course and
university business with students and faculty – not the U.S. Mail and
no other e-mail addresses. Students and faculty must check UConnect and
their TAMIU e-mail accounts regularly, if not daily. Not having seen an
important TAMIU e-mail or UConnect message from a faculty member,
chair, or dean is not accepted as an excuse for failure to take
important action. Students, faculty, and staff are encouraged to
sign-up for Dusty Alert (see www.tamiu.edu). Dusty Alert is an instant
cell phone text-messaging system allowing the university to communicate
immediately with you if there is an on-campus emergency, something of
immediate danger to you, or a campus closing.
The Copyright Act of 1976 grants to copyright owners the exclusive
right to reproduce their works and distribute copies of their work.
Works that receive copyright protection include published works such as
a textbook. Copying a textbook without permission from the owner of the
copyright may constitute copyright infringement. Civil and criminal
penalties may be assessed for copyright infringement. Civil penalties
include damages up to $100,000; criminal penalties include a fine up to
$250,000 and imprisonment.
Copyright laws do not allow students and professors to make photocopies
of copyrighted materials, but you may copy a limited portion of a work,
such an article from a journal or a chapter from a book for your own
personal academic use or, in the case of a professor, for personal,
limited classroom use. In general, the extent of your copying should
not suggest that the purpose or the effect of your copying is to avoid
paying for the materials. And, of course, you may not sell these copies
for a profit. Thus, students who copy textbooks to avoid buying them or
professors who provide photocopies of textbooks to enable students to
save money are violating the law.
Students with Disabilities
Texas A&M International University seeks to provide reasonable
accommodations for all qualified persons with disabilities. This
University will adhere to all applicable federal, state, and local
laws, regulations and guidelines with respect to providing reasonable
accommodations as required to afford equal education opportunity. It is
the student's responsibility to register with the Director of Student
Counseling and to contact the faculty member in a timely fashion to
arrange for suitable accommodations.
Student Attendance and Leave of Absence (LOA) Policy
As part of our efforts to assist and encourage all students towards
graduation, TAMIU provides LOA’s for students, including
pregnant/parenting students, in accordance with the Attendance Rule
(Section 3.24) and the Student LOA Rule (Section 3.25), which includes
the “Leave of Absence Request” form. Both rules can be found in the
TAMIU Student Handbook (http://www.tamiu.edu/studentaffairs/StudentHandbook1.shtml).
Pregnant and Parenting Students
Under Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, harassment based on
sex, including harassment because of pregnancy or related conditions,
is prohibited. A pregnant/parenting student must be granted an
absence for as long as the student’s physician deems the absence
medically necessary. It is a violation of Title IX to ask for
documentation relative to the pregnant/parenting student’s status
beyond what would be required for other medical conditions. If a
student would like to file a complaint for discrimination due to his or
her pregnant or parenting status, please contact the TAMIU Title IX
Coordinator (Lauren A. Jones, J.D., 5201 University Boulevard, KL 159B,
Laredo, TX 78045, TitleIX@tamiu.edu, 956.326.2857) and/or the Office of
Civil Rights (Dallas Office, U.S. Department of Education, 1999 Bryan
Street, Suite 1620, Dallas, TX 75201-6810, 214.661.9600).
The University advises a pregnant or parenting student to notify his or
her professor once he or she is aware that accommodations for such will
be necessary. It is first recommended that the student and professor
attempt to work out the reasonable accommodations with each other. The
Office of Student Conduct and Community Engagement (Mayra Hernandez,
MGHernandez@tamiu.edu) can assist the student and professor in working
out the reasonable accommodations. In the event that a student will
need a leave of absence for a substantial period of time from the
University, the University urges the student to consider a Leave of
Absence as outlined in the Student Handbook. As part of our
efforts to assist and encourage all students towards graduation, TAMIU
provides LOA’s for students, including pregnant/parenting students, in
accordance with the Attendance Rule and the Student LOA Rule.
Both rules can be found in the TAMIU Student Handbook
Students who are unable to complete a course should withdraw from the
course before the final date for withdrawal and receive a “W.” To
qualify for an “incomplete” and thus have the opportunity to complete
the course at a later date, a student must meet the following criteria:
1) The student must have completed 90% of the course
work assigned before the final date for withdrawing from a course with
a “W”, and the student must be passing the course;
2) The student cannot complete the course because an
accident, an illness, or a traumatic personal or family event occurred
after the final date for withdrawal from a course;
3) The student must sign an “Incomplete Grade
Contract” and secure signatures of approval from the professor and the
4) The student must agree to complete the missing
course work before the end of the next long semester; failure to meet
this deadline will cause the “I” to automatically be converted to an
“F”; extensions to this deadline may be granted by the dean of the
This is the general policy regarding the circumstances under which an
“incomplete” may be granted, but under exceptional circumstances, a
student may receive an incomplete who does not meet all of the criteria
above if the faculty member, department chair, and dean recommend it.
WIN Contracts are offered only under exceptional circumstances and are
limited to seniors. Only courses offered by full-time TAMIU faculty or
TAMIU instructors are eligible to be contracted for the WIN
requirement. However, a WIN contract for a course taught by an adjunct
may be approved, with special permission from the department chair and
dean. Students must seek approval before beginning any work for the WIN
Contract. No student will contract more than one course per semester.
Summer WIN Contracts must continue through both summer sessions.
Student Responsibility for Dropping a Course
It is the responsibility of the STUDENT to drop the course before the
final date for withdrawal from a course. Faculty members, in fact, may
not drop a student from a course without getting the approval of their
department chair and dean.
Independent Study Course
Independent Study (IS) courses are offered only under exceptional
circumstances. Required courses intended to build academic skills may
not be taken as IS (e.g., clinical supervision and internships). No
student will take more than one IS course per semester. Moreover, IS
courses are limited to seniors and graduate students. Summer IS course
must continue through both summer sessions.
Grade Changes & Appeals
Faculty are authorized to change final grades only when they have
committed a computational error or an error in recording a grade, and
they must receive the approval of their department chairs and the dean
to change the grade. As part of that approval, they must attach a
detailed explanation of the reason for the mistake. Only in rare
cases would another reason be entertained as legitimate for a grade
change. A student who is unhappy with his or her grade on an assignment
must discuss the situation with the faculty member teaching the course.
If students believe that they have been graded unfairly, they have the
right to appeal the grade using a grade appeal process in the Student
Handbook and the Faculty Handbook.
Final Examination must be comprehensive and must contain a written
component. The written component should comprise at least 20% of the
final exam grade. Exceptions to this policy must receive the approval
of the department chair and the dean at the beginning of the semester.